This dissertation proposes a taxonomy of Topic-Comment Units TC-units to examine Chinese syntactic complexity as the number and the nature of a terminable TC-unit s components as well as the number and the nature of their constituent relationship.
Classification results for the FW task Table ! The moment of highest tension. Classification results for the GR task Table ! All the English exmaple sentences in this paper are cited from Corpus of Contemporary American English which includes million words, 49 chain.
I was also the type to sit crying in front of school instead of asking the office if it could check on my late ride. In this way L2 speakers internalize knowledge of syntactic complexity both in terms of breadth and depth.
Norris and Ortega pointed out that reliability and error in measurement scoring is at best infrequently considered and only inconsistently reported p. As expected, the club only reaffirmed my self-doubt. Categories of Chinese complex sentences Table 4.
The writing tasks consist of a free writing task FW and a guided re-writing GR task. In Chinese, however, this is frequently not the case. When analyzing Chinese syntactic complexity, the very few currently available studies in Chinese complexity noted the existing punctuation marks by the author as the sentence boundary indicator by default and bypassed the problem of subjectivity of sentence segmentation Jin, ; Jiang, or did not specify sentence-level segmentation Yuan, Therefore, complexity is first about discrete L2 components!
The measurement process Figure 3.! In addition to nouns and nominal phrases, verbs, adjectives, verbal phrases, and other such clauses can fulfill the subject position; and in addition to verbs and verbal phrases, nouns, nominal phrases, and adjectives can fulfill the predicate position.
Three levels of complexity are subsumed: Whenever repetition of the same topic takes the form of its full form, a pronoun, or a demonstrative, a new topic-comment structure or topic chain is then activated.
That is to say, task-as-process may turn out to be not the same as task-as-workplan. The author makes a deep accent on the climax part of the story. At the morphological level, world languages are categorized into four main types according to the different ways that morphemes compose words: Narrative Essay Topics Narrative essays are, by definition, personal to you.
She wiped the dog s head. Defining Chinese syntactic complexity The construct of complexity The CAF model in SLA Complexity in the triad of CAF Conceptualizing and operationalizing syntactic complexity Defining syntactic complexity Identifying behavior of syntactic complexity Task specification for syntactic complexity output Behavior elicitation for syntactic complexity output Observation scoring on syntactic complexity output Data analysis on syntactic complexity output Defining Chinese syntactic complexity In this sense, the validity and reliability of any Chinese syntactic complexity measures such as a T-unit that depend on the Chinese sentence boundary could be in question.
A free writing task in the form of a letter writing was applied in Jiangin which the genre of letter writing was! Gomabseubnida to my fellow student Dr.
The relationship of the topic and comment is aboutness. Tell the story, but focus on what came of the events in question. One potential problem for such measures is that they simultaneously tap into several subcomponents and subdomains of complexity.
Comparison among 7273and 74 on four Chinese syntactic complexity measures Table ! Predicting proficiency groups by four measures: The clause complex represents the dynamic potential of the system the ability to choreograph very long and intricate patterns of semantic movement while maintaining a continuous flow of discourse that is coherent without being constructional Halliday,p.!
An appropriate statistical approach shall be sufficiently sensitive as it leads to results that best reveal the nature of the target construct. Body Setting It is basically the beginning of the plot.
The reader needs to feel and see whatever the author has felt and has seen. Such two folds correspond to the breadth and depth of syntactic complexity. Absolute complexity was given as the dimension in the triad of CAF. Will Beauty kiss the Beast and save his life? At a micro level, this dissertation also suggests both individual topic chain composing steps as well as classroom teaching cycle design with sample task designs.
Ying Zhou for her meticulous work rating the EI test data with me. In short, the hero is called to adventure. However, given varied typological features, the quality and quantity features of discrete language components as well as the relationship of embeddedness and compositionality of such language components may vary greatly.
Based on the taxonomy of TC-units, a series of TC-unit based measures can then be proposed and checked in a carefully developed measurement approach.he four text types list four general reasons why authors write. Identifying the text type of a passage helps the reader set the purpose for reading and alerts the reader to the organization of the piece.
Narrative Essay Topics. Narrative essays are, by definition, personal to you. That's why the topics will focus on something you've experienced in the past. For example, you may need to write about a time you felt disrespected.
A narrative is a story, whether told in prose or verse, involving events, characters, and what the characters say and do. Some literary forms such as the novel and short story in prose, and the epic and romance in verse, are explicit narratives that are told by a.
Text Structure Lesson 2 – This is a revision of the lesson that I taught last year. If I were trying to choose between the two text structure lessons, I’d go with this one.
It’s an improvement over the previous lesson. Narrative Essay Samples. This is one of the only essays where you can get personal and tell a story.
See our narrative essay samples to learn how to express your own story in words. Meeting Famous People. Meeting a famous person is almost always a shock and/or surprise. You see them on screen or on the internet and then there they are. Persuasive Essay Structure When you’re trying to convince your audience of an idea or argument Introduction • Hook – interesting first sentence • Background information – give context to your argument/subject; familiarize the reader with the content.Download