Example of an executive summary for a research paper

In the standard that preceded IFRS 9, the "incurred loss" framework required banks to recognise credit losses only when evidence of a loss was apparent. The attacks on labor and employment standards have been driven by a powerful coalition of anti-union ideologues, Republican operatives, and corporate lobbies.

Strengthening financial systems Weak financial systems are a likely source of risk in both advanced and emerging economies; strengthening regulation and institutions in general is a key point of intervention.

Similar sentiments are being heard in some emerging economies, such as in North Africa. Because of this, we measure emissions of GHGs in terms of millions of tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent Mt. Golden ID benefits may not be applied to fees, noncredit courses, specialty graduate programs, or doctoral programs.

Four distinct global risk-related activities stand out: Diverging interests in the short-term are driven by both political and economic factors. When invited by the government, the initiative will offer multidisciplinary support through a public-private advisory platform.

Investment in innovation for clean growth To achieve the clean growth we want, the UK will need to nurture low carbon technologies, processes and systems that are as cheap as possible.

The research focus i. It is a more forward-looking approach than its predecessor and will result in more timely recognition of credit losses. It is only through innovation — nurturing better products, processes and systems — that we will see the cost of clean technologies come down.

They are the weighted average credit losses with the probability of default as the weight. Your research problem should be framed by a set of questions to be addressed or hypotheses to be tested.

To account for these, market mechanisms must be managed progressively so as not to endanger social stability by disadvantaging poor consumers; the human cost of higher resource prices should be recognized by stakeholders and solved with careful planning. These include two major effects.

Achieving fiscal consolidation while avoiding hampering the fragile recovery is a short-term challenge.

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: The Introduction

Program in Writing and Humanistic Studies. This implies an increase in public debt when accompanied by fiscal deficits. ALEC and its legislative partners then calibrate their bills to what they believe is politically feasible in a given place at a particular time.

Improve global coordination with stronger multilateral frameworks Stronger links between international civil society and legal institutions in advanced economies would assist activists and law enforcement in emerging economies in tracking and halting flows of illicit capital out of fragile states.

Leaving the EU will not affect our statutory commitments under our own domestic Climate Change Act and indeed our domestic binding emissions reduction targets are more ambitious than those set by EU legislation.

In this way, the roadmap acts as a type of promise to yourself and to your readers that you will follow a consistent and coherent approach to addressing the topic of inquiry.

How to Write an Executive Summary for College Papers

Step 4 Give the summary to a nontechnical person to read: These steps will be followed by ambitious policy proposals to further accelerate investments to deliver our Clean Growth Strategy. A more accurate measure of fiscal outlook is to factor in future liabilities not counted as current debt by calculating the net present value NPV of all future obligations relative to the NPV of all future income streams.

Understanding national legislative patterns The state-by-state pattern of public employment cuts, pension rollbacks, and union busting makes little sense from an economic standpoint.

England also recycles nearly 4 times more than it did in There was certainly no dramatic increase in employee compensation in these years.

Executive compensation in the United States

A simple strategy to follow is to use key words from your title in the first few sentences of the introduction. But as alluded to previously, this characterization does not fit the economic reality. It is not intended to be as exhaustive a summary as the text abstract, rather it is supposed to indicate the type, scope, and technical coverage of the article at a glance.

And IT organizations will have to help their enterprises become more data- and software-driven. It should be noted that even when flows of illicit goods and criminal activity are small relative to global markets, they can have an outsized effect on fragile states as the real value of such activity can dwarf national salaries and government budgets.

To avoid these unnecessary trade-offs and tackle the necessary ones, the Forum has identified a number of response strategies for further exploration. Such asset bubbles, driven as they are by excess liquidity rather than increases in underlying value, could result in severe crashes, damaging both emerging markets and the world economy as a whole.

In either event, the direct impacts of fiscal crises are likely to be compounded by credit and banking crises with adverse systemic implications for the global financial system. Posing what is essentially an unresolved intellectual riddle about the problem can engage the reader's interest in the study.

Scholarly Research and Related Resources: Intro & Definitions

There are early signs of this risk in the rise of extremist parties in Europe at both extremes of the political spectrum and in the US tea party coupling arguments of economic nationalism with anti-immigration rhetoric.

Action to deliver clean growth can also have wider benefits. In determining whether a significant increase in credit risk has occurred since initial recognition, a bank is to assess the change, if any, in the risk of default over the expected life of the loan that is, the change in the probability of default, as opposed to the amount of ECLs.

University of Toronto; Introduction.You will find information on the whole research process, publishing and other related topics.

Abstract (summary)

Intro & Definitions Toggle Dropdown Sensitive/Confidential Research. Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA.

An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding, or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose.

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When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript or typescript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper or patent application. REGISTER NOW!

SQUIRE Writing Conference - November 13Dallas, TX. Registration now open!This year's conference will held November 13 - 14, in Dallas, Texas at the Meadows Conference Center. Good and poor examples of executive summaries.

The research draws attention to the fact that inthe market share of Choice Chocolate was 37%. The shares of their key competitors such as Venus and Bradbury were 22% and 18% respectively. This is a POOR example of an executive summary from a marketing assignment.

Executive. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.

Example of an executive summary for a research paper
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